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802.11 Technical Section


  • Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance.

  • CSMA/CA is a protocol in which a carrier sensing scheme is used. A data station that intends to transmit a frame firstly sends a jam signal. After waiting a sufficient time for all stations to receive that jam signal, the data station then transmits its frame. While transmitting, if the data station detects a jam signal from another station, it stops transmitting for a random time and tries again.

  • CSMA/CA can use the RTS-CTS exchange as its carrier sensing scheme.